Since 1952, Mickey Mouse has had his own comic book series. Although the publishers and titles varied over the years, they emphasize stories with Mickey and his supporting cast: Goofy, Minnie Mouse, Pluto and Mickey's nephews Morty and Ferdie Fieldmouse. Mickey's perpetual rival was the criminal Black Pete. Other adversaries have included Emil Eagle, Eli Squinch, Sylvester Shyster, Dangerous Dan McBoo & Idjit and the Phantom Blot. Gladstone, who picked up the license in the 1980s, cancelled Mickey Mouse at issue 256 in 1990. Thirteen years later, on September 2003, Gemstone Publishing relaunched the title as Mickey Mouse and Friends and continued the numbering at 257. Dell's regular series begins at issue 28, counting 27 issues featuring Mickey Mouse of Dell Four-Color Comics as issue 1-27.